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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1982; Volume 60, Number 2, Year 1982 60 (2), Pages 211-224: Emploi et Abus de Huit Cpreuves Diagnostiques Tres Usitces en Immunologie Clinique ; Mcmorandum OMS

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000236658
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Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1982; Volume 60, Number 2, Year 1982 60 (2), Pages 211-224: Emploi et Abus de Huit Cpreuves Diagnostiques Tres Usitces en Immunologie Clinique ; Mcmorandum OMS  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
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Publisher: World Health Organization

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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1982; Volume 60, Number 2, Year 1982 60 (2), Pages 211-224. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
Smallpox is transferred direct from person to person in a continuing chain of transmission, and there is no recognized animal reservoir of the disease (WHO Expert Coinmittee on Smallpox Eradication, 1972). It is generally believed that a patient is infectious to others from the time the disease is inanifesl. In tracing the sonrce of an infection, therefore, it is usual to look for a smallpox patient from whom the new case might have caught the virus. The household contacts of smallpox cases are not usually thought of as possible sources of infection. In the study dcscribed hcre the virus content of the throats of household contacts \\,as examined to determine if they could in any may be a potential threat in the spread of the diseasc. The word contact in this paper is used to denote a person belonging ro the family of a virologically proved s~ndllpoa patient, living in intimate contact with the case and often sleeping in the same roorn. The sinallpox patients whose contacts were studied are designated index cases ; they included patients adinitled to the Infectious Disease Hospital, Calcutta; India, but the iuajority were cases encountered duing our visit to the infected localities. The presence of a vaccination scar was taken as evidence of prinlary vaccination. No attempt was made to ascertain the date of primary vaccination or revaccinatiou, as the information offered was unreliable. Patients with no vaccination scar and those vaccinared 0-7 days before onr v~sit were considered as unuaccinated. However, all the contacts, whether onvaccinated or vaccinated, wcrc glren a vaccination after an occurrence of the disease in the fainily.

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