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Estimates of Poverty Including the Value of Noncash Benefits : 1984

By U. S. Census Bureau Department

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Book Id: WPLBN0000586355
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 5,053,881 KB.
Reproduction Date: 2005
Full Text

Title: Estimates of Poverty Including the Value of Noncash Benefits : 1984  
Author: U. S. Census Bureau Department
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, Census., Census report
Collections: U.S. Census Bureau Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Bureau Department, U. C. (n.d.). Estimates of Poverty Including the Value of Noncash Benefits : 1984. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt
Excerpt: This report describes alternative procedures for valuing noncash benefits received by the low-income population and estimates the effect of these benefits on the size and composition of the poverty population in 1984. The report updates the estimates for 1979 to 1983 presented in Technical Paper 52 (issued in August 1984), using identical methods to value noncash benefits. Each of these methods is subject to many conceptual and measurement problems. In addition, there is as yet no consensus concerning the relative merits of various methods of valuing noncash benefits; therefore, all the work in this report should be viewed as exploratory in nature.

Table of Contents
Contents Page Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Growth of noncash benefits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Explanation of valuation techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Market value '................................................ 2 Recipient or cash equivalent value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Poverty budget share value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Illustration of valuation techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Food stamps 4 Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . 4 Changes in poverty, 1983-84 4 Official poverty statistics .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Poverty statistics after valuing noncash benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Receipt of noncash benefits and average noncash benefit values 8 Poverty before and after cash and noncash benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Limitations of the study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Revised survey procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 TEXT TABLES A. Means-tested cash assistance, outlays on food stamp~and medical care programs, and estimated market value of school lunch and housing subsidies: 1970, 1975, and 1979-84. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 B. Poverty status of persons, by selected characteristics: 1979-84. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 C. Number of persons in poverty, by valuation technique and type of noncash benefit included: 1979-84. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 D. Percent of persons in poverty, by valuation technique and type of noncash benefit included: 1979-84 '. . . . . . 6 E. Percent of persons in poverty, by valuation technique and selected characteristics: 1984 and 1983 7 F. Percent of families and unrelated individuals in poverty receiving noncash benefits and mean market value of noncash benefits, by selected characteristics: 1984 and 1983 . . . 8 G. Poverty status of families and unrelated individuals before and after cash and noncash transfers: 1984 and 1983 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 H. Number of persons and persons below the poverty level in 1983 based on original and revised weighting procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 DETAILED TABLES 1. Number of persons below the poverty level and poverty rate-current poverty definition and alternative methods of valuing noncash benefits, by selected characteristics: 1979 to 1984 ',' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2. Poverty status of persons and families, by the official poverty definition and alternative methods of valuing noncash benefits, by selected characteristics: 1984 . . . . . . . . . . . .. 18 3. Number of families and unrelated individuals receiving noncash benefits and average benefits received, by type of benefit and valuation method, by poverty status: 1984 ... 42 4. Families and unrelated individuals below the poverty thresholds based on income, cash transfers, and noncash transfers, by selected characteristics: 1984 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 48

 

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