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Mapping Crime Principle and Practice

By Travis, Jeremy

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Book Id: WPLBN0000660636
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size:
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: Mapping Crime Principle and Practice  
Author: Travis, Jeremy
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Law., Law & economy, Litigation and arbitration
Collections: Law Library Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Department of Justice

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Travis, J. (n.d.). Mapping Crime Principle and Practice. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Legal Reference Publication

Excerpt
Acknowledgements: Without the generous cooperation of many people in various settings, including police departments and universities, the variety of examples and particularly illustrations presented in this guide would not have been possible. Some individuals who should have been acknowledged below may have been inadvertently omitted, and I apologize if that is the case. Among those who must be singled out for special recognition are the following (in alphabetical order): Al Ball, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) Regional Institute, Cincinnati, Ohio; Rachel Boba, Tempe Police Department, Tempe, Arizona; Chris Bruce, Cambridge Police Department, Cambridge, Massachusetts; Jim Bueermann, Redlands Police Department, Redlands, California; Philip Canter, Baltimore County Police Department, Towson, Maryland; Peter Dana, University of Texas, Austin, Texas; Wilpen Gorr, Heinz School,.

Table of Contents
Contents Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Chapter 1: Context and Concepts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 From pins to computers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Ancient history: Cartography and crime mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mapping as a special case of data visualization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Mapping as art and science. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Maps as abstractions of reality: Benefits and costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Crime incidents: Measuring time and space. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Map projection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Coordinate systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Map elements: The usual bits and pieces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Types of map information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Maps of crime: Thematic maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Data, maps, and patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Other theoretical perspectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 A note on cartograms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Reminder: Information is inevitably lost in the process of abstraction . . . . . . . . . 30 A note on the maps in this guide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Chapter 2: What Crime Maps Do and How They Do It . . . . . . . . . 35 What crime maps do . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 How crime maps do what they do . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Choosing a crime map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

 

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