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Leviathan or the Matter, Forme, And Power of a Common-Wealth Ecclesiastically and Civil

By Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury

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Book Id: WPLBN0000661234
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 955.30 KB.
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: Leviathan or the Matter, Forme, And Power of a Common-Wealth Ecclesiastically and Civil  
Author: Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Political science., Economics and literature, Economic & political studies series
Collections: Economics Publications Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Archive for the History of Economic Thought

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Of Malmesbury, T. H. (n.d.). Leviathan or the Matter, Forme, And Power of a Common-Wealth Ecclesiastically and Civil. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Economic Theory Literature

Excerpt
Introduction: Nature (the art whereby God hath made and governs the world) is by the art of man, as in many other things, so in this also imitated, that it can make an artificial animal. For seeing life is but a motion of limbs, the beginning whereof is in some principal part within, why may we not say that all automata (engines that move themselves by springs and wheels as doth a watch) have an artificial life? For what is the heart, but a spring; and the nerves, but so many strings; and the joints, but so many wheels, giving motion to the whole body, such as was intended by the Artificer? Art goes yet further, imitating that rational and most excellent work of Nature, man. For by art is created that great Leviathan called a Commonwealth, or State (in Latin, Civitas), which is but an artificial man, though of greater stature and strength than the natural, for whose protection and defence it was intended; and in which the sovereignty is an artificial soul, as giving life and motion to the whole body; the magistrates and other officers of judicature and execution, artificial joints; reward and punishment (by which fastened to the seat of the sovereignty, every joint and member is moved to perform his duty) are the nerves, that do the same in the body natural; the wealth and riches of all the particular members are the strength; salus populi (the people?s safety) its business; counsellors, by whom all things needful for it to know are suggested unto it, are the memory; equity and laws, an artificial reason and will; concord, health; sedition, sickness; and civil war, death. Lastly, the pacts and covenants, by which the parts of this body politic were at first made, set together, and united, resemble that fiat, or the Let us make man, pronounced by God in the Creation.

Table of Contents
Contents Introduction ........................................................................................ 7 The First Part: Of Man ...................................................................... 9 I: Of Sense ..................................................................................... 9 II: Of Imagination ........................................................................ 10 III: Of the Consequence or Train of Imaginations ........................ 15 IV: Of Speech ............................................................................... 19 V: Of Reason and Science ............................................................ 26 VI: Of the Interior Beginnings of Voluntary Notions, Commonly called the Passions; and the Speeches by which They are Expressed ....................................................................................... 31 VII: Of the Ends or Resolutions of Discourse .............................. 40 VIII: Of the Virtues Commonly called Intellectual; and their Contrary Defects ....................................................................... 42 IX: Of the Several Subject of Knowledge .................................... 51 X: Of Power, Worth, Dignity, Honour and Worthiness ................ 53 XI: Of the Difference of Manners ................................................ 60 XII: Of Religion ........................................................................... 66 XIII: Of the Natural Condition of Mankind as Concerning their Felicity and Misery .................................................................... 76 XIV: Of the First and Second Natural Laws, and Of Contracts .. 79 XV: Of Other Laws of Nature ..................................................... 88 XVI: Of Persons, Authors, and Things Personated...................... 98 The Second Part: Of Commonwealth ............................................. 103 XVII: Of the Causes, Generation, and Definition of a Commonwealth ...................................................................................... 103 XVIII: Of the Rights of Sovereigns by Institution ..................... 107

 

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