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Basis of Comparison Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River System

By Lee, Deborah H.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000697665
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 2.42 MB.
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: Basis of Comparison Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River System  
Author: Lee, Deborah H.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Science., Ecology & environment, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (U.S.)
Collection: National Oceanographic Data Center
Subcollection:
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Reference Publication

Excerpt
Excerpt: BASIS OF COMPARISON GREAT LAKES-ST. LAWRENCE RIVER SYSTEM. A go-year set of lake levels and flows has been developed that reflects a consistent hydraulic regime in the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River system. This hydraulic regime is defined by the diversion rates into and out of the system, consumptive use withdrawals from the system, the time series of water supplies to the system, outlet conditions of each lake, flow retardation due to ice or weeds in the connecting channels, initial starting elevations for the simulation, the hydraulic condition of the St. Lawrence River, and tidal levels at its outlet. These levels and flows can be used as a reference for assessing the effects of modified lake regulation and climate change.

Table of Contents
Table of Contents PAGE ABSTRACT ............................................................................................................................................. 1 1. INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................... 1 2. CONDITIONS ..................................................................................................................................... 1 2.1 Diversions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............. 1 2.2 Consumptive Use .......................................................................................................................... 1 2.3 Net Basin Supplies ........................................................................................................................ 3 2.4 Outlet Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 3 2.5 Channel Flow Retardation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 2.6 Starting Elevations ........................................................................................................................ 6 2.7 Tidal Levels at the Outlet of the St. Lawrence River ...................................................................... 7 3. BASIS OF COMPARISON LEVELS AND FLOWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 3.1 Levels .......................................................................................................................................... 7 3.2 Flows ........................................................................................................................................... 8 3.3 Lake Ontario Levels and Flows with Past Discretionary Actions ................................................... 8 4. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .................. 9 APPENDIX A - Graphical Presentation of Basis of Comparison Levels and Flows .................................. 11 Lake Superior .................................................................................................................................... 12 Lakes Michigan-Huron ....................................................................................................................... 14 Lake St. Clair .................................................................................................................................... 15 Lake Erie .......................................................................................................................................... 18 Lake Ontario ..................................................................................................................................... 20

 

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