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Plos Computational Biology : a Model of Cardiovascular Disease Giving a Plausible Mechanism for the Effect of Fractionated Low-dose Ionizing Radiation Exposure, Volume 5

By Richardson, Richard, B.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003927192
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos Computational Biology : a Model of Cardiovascular Disease Giving a Plausible Mechanism for the Effect of Fractionated Low-dose Ionizing Radiation Exposure, Volume 5  
Author: Richardson, Richard, B.
Volume: Volume 5
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Computational Biology
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), PLoS Computational Biology
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Plos

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Richardson, R. B. (n.d.). Plos Computational Biology : a Model of Cardiovascular Disease Giving a Plausible Mechanism for the Effect of Fractionated Low-dose Ionizing Radiation Exposure, Volume 5. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


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Description : Atherosclerosis is the main cause of coronary heart disease and stroke, the two major causes of death in developed society. There is emerging evidence of excess risk of cardiovascular disease at low radiation doses in various occupationally exposed groups receiving small daily radiation doses. Assuming that they are causal, the mechanisms for effects of chronic fractionated radiation exposures on cardiovascular disease are unclear. We outline a spatial reaction-diffusion model for atherosclerosis and perform stability analysis, based wherever possible on human data. We show that a predicted consequence of multiple small radiation doses is to cause mean chemo-attractant (MCP-1) concentration to increase linearly with cumulative dose. The main driver for the increase in MCP-1 is monocyte death, and consequent reduction in MCP-1 degradation. The radiation-induced risks predicted by the model are quantitatively consistent with those observed in a number of occupationally-exposed groups. The changes in equilibrium MCP-1 concentrations with low density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration are also consistent with experimental and epidemiologic data. This proposed mechanism would be experimentally testable. If true, it also has substantive implications for radiological protection, which at present does not take cardiovascular disease into account. The Japanese A-bomb survivor data implies that cardiovascular disease and cancer mortality contribute similarly to radiogenic risk. The major uncertainty in assessing the low-dose risk of cardiovascular disease is the shape of the dose response relationship, which is unclear in the Japanese data. The analysis of the present paper suggests that linear extrapolation would be appropriate for this endpoint.

 

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