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Plos Genetics : a Mutation in the Gene Encoding Mitochondrial Mg2+ Channel Mrs2 Results in Demyelination in the Rat, Volume 7

By Barsh, Gregory S.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003931387
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos Genetics : a Mutation in the Gene Encoding Mitochondrial Mg2+ Channel Mrs2 Results in Demyelination in the Rat, Volume 7  
Author: Barsh, Gregory S.
Volume: Volume 7
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Genetics
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), PLoS Genetics
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Plos

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Barsh, G. S. (n.d.). Plos Genetics : a Mutation in the Gene Encoding Mitochondrial Mg2+ Channel Mrs2 Results in Demyelination in the Rat, Volume 7. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Description : The rat demyelination (dmy) mutation serves as a unique model system to investigate the maintenance of myelin, because it provokes severe myelin breakdown in the central nervous system (CNS) after normal postnatal completion of myelination. Here, we report the molecular characterization of this mutation and discuss the possible pathomechanisms underlying demyelination. By positional cloning, we found that a G-to-A transition, 177 bp downstream of exon 3 of the Mrs2 (MRS2 magnesium homeostasis factor (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)) gene, generated a novel splice acceptor site which resulted in functional inactivation of the mutant allele. Transgenic rescue with wild-type Mrs2-cDNA validated our findings. Mrs2 encodes an essential component of the major Mg2+ influx system in mitochondria of yeast as well as human cells. We showed that the dmy/dmy rats have major mitochondrial deficits with a markedly elevated lactic acid concentration in the cerebrospinal fluid, a 60% reduction in ATP, and increased numbers of mitochondria in the swollen cytoplasm of oligodendrocytes. MRS2-GFP recombinant BAC transgenic rats showed that MRS2 was dominantly expressed in neurons rather than oligodendrocytes and was ultrastructurally observed in the inner membrane of mitochondria. Our observations led to the conclusion that dmy/dmy rats suffer from a mitochondrial disease and that the maintenance of myelin has a different mechanism from its initial production. They also established that Mg2+ homeostasis in CNS mitochondria is essential for the maintenance of myelin.

 

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