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Plos One : Shp-1 Phosphatase is a Critical Regulator in Preventing Natural Killer Cell Self-killing, Volume 7

By Zimmer, Jacques

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Book Id: WPLBN0003959913
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : Shp-1 Phosphatase is a Critical Regulator in Preventing Natural Killer Cell Self-killing, Volume 7  
Author: Zimmer, Jacques
Volume: Volume 7
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary)
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Plos

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Zimmer, J. (n.d.). Plos One : Shp-1 Phosphatase is a Critical Regulator in Preventing Natural Killer Cell Self-killing, Volume 7. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Description : Balance of signals generated from the engaged activating and inhibitory surface receptors regulates mature NK cell activities. The inhibitory receptors signal through immunoreceptor tyrosine based inhibitory motifs (ITIM), and recruit phosphatases such as SHP-1 to inhibit NK cell activation. To directly examine the importance of SHP-1 in regulating activities and cell fate of mature NK cells, we used our established lentiviral-based engineering protocol to knock down the SHP-1 protein expression in primary C57BL/6NCrl cells. Gene silencing of the SHP-1 in primary NK cells abrogated the ability of ITIM-containing NK inhibitory receptors to suppress the activation signals induced by NK1.1 activating receptors. We followed the fates of stably transduced SHP-1 silenced primary NK cells over a longer period of time in IL-2 containing cultures. We observed an impaired IL-2 induced proliferation in the SHP-1 knockdown NK cells. More interestingly, these ‘‘de-regulated’’ SHP-1 knockdown NK cells mediated specific self-killing in a real-time live cell microscopic imaging system we developed to study NK cell cytotoxicity in vitro. Selective target recognition of the SHP-1 knockdown NK cells revealed also possible involvement of the SHP-1 phosphatase in regulating other NK functions in mature NK cells.

 

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