World Library  


Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Estimation of Permafrost Thawing Rates in a Sub-arctic Catchment Using Recession Flow Analysis : Volume 13, Issue 5 (12/05/2009)

By Lyon, S. W.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0003972778
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 10
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Estimation of Permafrost Thawing Rates in a Sub-arctic Catchment Using Recession Flow Analysis : Volume 13, Issue 5 (12/05/2009)  
Author: Lyon, S. W.
Volume: Vol. 13, Issue 5
Language: English
Subject: Science, Hydrology, Earth
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2009
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Destouni, G., Lyon, S. W., Karlsson, J., Humborg, C., Seibert, J., Giesler, R.,...Troch, P. A. (2009). Estimation of Permafrost Thawing Rates in a Sub-arctic Catchment Using Recession Flow Analysis : Volume 13, Issue 5 (12/05/2009). Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Description: Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University, Sweden. Permafrost thawing is likely to change the flow pathways taken by water as it moves through arctic and sub-arctic landscapes. The location and distribution of these pathways directly influence the carbon and other biogeochemical cycling in northern latitude catchments. While permafrost thawing due to climate change has been observed in the arctic and sub-arctic, direct observations of permafrost depth are difficult to perform at scales larger than a local scale. Using recession flow analysis, it may be possible to detect and estimate the rate of permafrost thawing based on a long-term streamflow record. We demonstrate the application of this approach to the sub-arctic Abiskojokken catchment in northern Sweden. Based on recession flow analysis, we estimate that permafrost in this catchment may be thawing at an average rate of about 0.9 cm/yr during the past 90 years. This estimated thawing rate is consistent with direct observations of permafrost thawing rates, ranging from 0.7 to 1.3 cm/yr over the past 30 years in the region.

Summary
Estimation of permafrost thawing rates in a sub-arctic catchment using recession flow analysis

Excerpt
Åkerman, H. J. and Johansson, M.: Thawing permafrost and thicker active layers in sub-arctic Sweden, Permafrost Periglac., 19(3), 279–292, 2008.; Åkerman, H. J. and Malmström, B.: Permafrost mounds in the Abisko area, northern Sweden, Geogr. Ann A, 68(3), 155–165, 1986.; Brown, R. D. and Braaten, R. O.: Spatial and temporal variability of Canadian monthly snow depth, 1946–1995, Atmos. Ocean, 36, 37–54, 1998.; Brutsaert, W.: Hydrology: An Introduction, Cambridge University Press, 605~pp., 2005.; Beylich, A. A., Kolstrup, E., Thyrsted, T., Linde, N., Pedersen, L. B., and Dynesius, L.: Chemical denudation in arctic-alpine Latnjavagge (Swedish Lapland) in relation to regolith as assessed by radio magnetotelluric-geophysical profiles, Geomorphology, 57, 303–319, 2004.; Brutsaert, W.: Long-term groundwater storage trends estimated from streamflow records: Climatic perspective, Water Resour. Res., 44, W02409, doi:10.1029/2007WR006518, 2008.; Brutsaert, W. and Lopez, J. P.: Basin-scale geohydrologic drought flow features of riparian aquifers in the southern Great Plains, Water Resour. Res., 34, 233–240, 1998.; Brutsaert, W. and Nieber, J. L.: Regionalized drought flow hydrographs from a mature glaciated plateau, Water Resour. Res., 13, 637–643, 1977.; Carey, S. K. and Woo, M. K.: Slope runoff processes and flow generation in a subarctic, subalpine catchment, J. Hydrol., 253, 110–129, 2001.; Curtis, J., Wendler, G., Stone, R., and Dutton, E.: Precipitation decrease in the western Arctic, with special emphasis on Barrow and Barter Island, Alaska, Int. J. Climatol., 18, 1687–1707, 1998.; Kling, J.: Sorted circles and polygons in northern Sweden, Distribution and Processes, Ph.D. thesis, Department of Physical Geography, Göteborg University, 1996.; Kohler, J., Brandt, O., Johansson, M., and Callaghan, T.: A long-term Arctic snow depth record from Abisko northern Sweden, 1913–2004, Polar Res., 25(2), 91–113, 2006.; Déry, S. J., Stieglitz, M., McKenna, E. C., and Wood, E. F.: Characteristics and trends of river discharge into Hudson, James, and Ungava Bays, 1964–2000, J. Climate, 18, 2540–2557, 2005.; Déry, S. J. and Wood, E. F.: Teleconnection between the Arctic Oscillation and Hudson Bay river discharge, J. Geophys. Res., 31, L18205, doi:10.1029/2004GL020729, 2004.; Dingman, S. L.: Characteristics of summer runoff from a small watershed in central Alaska, Water Resour. Res., 2, 751–754. 1966.; Dingman, S. L.: Effects of permafrost on stream flow characteristics in the discontinuous permafrost zone of central Alaska, in: North American Contribution to Second International Conference of Permafrost, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, 447–453, 1973.; Dutta, K., Schuur, E. A. G., Neff, J. C., and Zimov S. A.: Potential carbon release from permafrost soils of Northeastern Siberia, Global Change Biol., 12, 2336–2351, 2006.; Hinzman, L.D., Kane, D. L., and Everett, K. R.: Hillslope hydrology in an Arctic setting, in Proceedings, Sixth International Conference on Permafrost, South China Press, Beijing, 257–271, 1993.; Jansson M., Hickler, T., Jonsson, A., and Karlsson, J.: Links between terrestrial primary production and lake mineralization and CO2 emission in a climate gradient in subarctic Sweden, Ecosystems, 11, 367–376, 2008.; Johansson, M., Christensen, T. R., Akerman, H. J., and Callaghan, T. V.: What determines the current presence or absence of permafrost in the Torneträsk region, a sub-arctic landscape in northern Sweden?, Ambio, 35(4), 190–197, 2006.; Kane, D. L., Bredthauer, S. R., and Stein, J.: Subarctic snowmelt runoff generation, in: Proceedings of the Specialty Conference on The Northern Community, edited by: Vinson, T. S., American Society of Civil Engineers, Seattle, Washington, 591–601, 1981.; King, L.: Zonation and ecology of high mountain permafrost in Scandinavia, Geogr. Ann A, 68, 131–139, 1986.; Kirchner, J. W.: Catchments as simple dynamical systems: Catchment characterization, rainfall-r

 

Click To View

Additional Books


  • Rainfall Nowcasting by at Site Stochasti... (by )
  • Scale Invariance of Daily Runoff Time Se... (by )
  • Exploring Drought Vulnerability in Afric... (by )
  • Mapping Model Behaviour Using Self-organ... (by )
  • Coupled Hydrogeophysical Parameter Estim... (by )
  • Evaluation of the Satellite-based Global... (by )
  • Role of Climate Forecasts and Initial Co... (by )
  • Water Storage Change Estimation from in ... (by )
  • Understanding and Managing a Complex Est... (by )
  • A Simple Lumped Model to Convert Air Tem... (by )
  • A Model of Hydrological and Mechanical F... (by )
  • Spatial Characteristics of Severe Storms... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.