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Barriers to Transport in Aperiodically Time-dependent Two-dimensional Velocity Fields: Nekhoroshev's Theorem and Nearly Invariant Tori : Volume 21, Issue 1 (04/02/2014)

By Wiggins, S.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003991731
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 21
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Barriers to Transport in Aperiodically Time-dependent Two-dimensional Velocity Fields: Nekhoroshev's Theorem and Nearly Invariant Tori : Volume 21, Issue 1 (04/02/2014)  
Author: Wiggins, S.
Volume: Vol. 21, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, Nonlinear, Processes
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Wiggins, S., & Mancho, A. M. (2014). Barriers to Transport in Aperiodically Time-dependent Two-dimensional Velocity Fields: Nekhoroshev's Theorem and Nearly Invariant Tori : Volume 21, Issue 1 (04/02/2014). Retrieved from

Description: School of Mathematics, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TW, UK. In this paper we consider fluid transport in two-dimensional flows from the dynamical systems point of view, with the focus on elliptic behaviour and aperiodic and finite time dependence. We give an overview of previous work on general nonautonomous and finite time vector fields with the purpose of bringing to the attention of those working on fluid transport from the dynamical systems point of view a body of work that is extremely relevant, but appears not to be so well known. We then focus on the Kolmogorov–Arnold–Moser (KAM) theorem and the Nekhoroshev theorem. While there is no finite time or aperiodically time-dependent version of the KAM theorem, the Nekhoroshev theorem, by its very nature, is a finite time result, but for a very long (i.e. exponentially long with respect to the size of the perturbation) time interval and provides a rigorous quantification of nearly invariant tori over this very long timescale. We discuss an aperiodically time-dependent version of the Nekhoroshev theorem due to Giorgilli and Zehnder (1992) (recently refined by Bounemoura, 2013 and Fortunati and Wiggins, 2013) which is directly relevant to fluid transport problems. We give a detailed discussion of issues associated with the applicability of the KAM and Nekhoroshev theorems in specific flows. Finally, we consider a specific example of an aperiodically time-dependent flow where we show that the results of the Nekhoroshev theorem hold.

Barriers to transport in aperiodically time-dependent two-dimensional velocity fields: Nekhoroshev's theorem and Nearly Invariant tori

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