World Library  


Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Estimates of the Climatological Land Surface Energy and Water Balance Derived from Maximum Convective Power : Volume 18, Issue 6 (17/06/2014)

By Kleidon, A.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004011119
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 18
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Estimates of the Climatological Land Surface Energy and Water Balance Derived from Maximum Convective Power : Volume 18, Issue 6 (17/06/2014)  
Author: Kleidon, A.
Volume: Vol. 18, Issue 6
Language: English
Subject: Science, Hydrology, Earth
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2014
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Porada, P., Kleidon, A., & Renner, M. (2014). Estimates of the Climatological Land Surface Energy and Water Balance Derived from Maximum Convective Power : Volume 18, Issue 6 (17/06/2014). Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Description: Max-Planck-Institut für Biogeochemie, Jena, Germany. The land surface energy and water balances are tightly coupled by the partitioning of absorbed solar radiation into terrestrial radiation and the turbulent fluxes of sensible and latent heat, as well as the partitioning of precipitation into evaporation and runoff. Evaporation forms the critical link between these two balances. Its rate is strongly affected by turbulent exchange as it provides the means to efficiently exchange moisture between the heated, moist surface and the cooled, dry atmosphere. Here, we use the constraint that this mass exchange operates at the thermodynamic limit of maximum power to derive analytical expressions for the partitioning of the surface energy and water balances on land. We use satellite-derived forcing of absorbed solar radiation, surface temperature and precipitation to derive simple spatial estimates for the annual mean fluxes of sensible and latent heat and evaluate these estimates with the ERA-Interim reanalysis data set and observations of the discharge of large river basins. Given the extremely simple approach, we find that our estimates explain the climatic mean variations in net radiation, evaporation, and river discharge reasonably well. We conclude that our analytical, minimum approach provides adequate first order estimates of the surface energy and water balance on land and that the thermodynamic limit of maximum power provides a useful closure assumption to constrain the energy partitioning at the land surface.

Summary
Estimates of the climatological land surface energy and water balance derived from maximum convective power

Excerpt
Arora, V. K.: The use of the aridity index to assess climate change effects on annual runoff, J. Hydrol., 265, 164–177, 2002.; Aladin, N., Cretaux, J.-F., Plotnikov, I. S., Kouraev, A. V., Smurov, A. O., Cazenave, A., Egorov, A. N., and Papa, F.: Modern hydro-biological state of the Small Aral sea, Environmetrics, 16, 375–392, 2005.; Becker, A., Finger, P., Meyer-Christoffer, A., Rudolf, B., Schamm, K., Schneider, U., and Ziese, M.: A description of the global land-surface precipitation data products of the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre with sample applications including centennial (trend) analysis from 1901–present, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 5, 71–99, doi:10.5194/essd-5-71-2013, 2013.; Betts, A. K., Ball, J. H., Beljaars, A. C. M., Miller, M. J., and Viterbo, P. A.: The land surface-atmosphere interaction: A review based on observational and global modeling perspectives, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 7209–7225, 1996.; Bister, M. and Emanuel, K. A.: Dissipative heating and hurricane intensity, Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 65, 233–240, 1998.; Bohren, C. F. and Albrecht, B. A.: Atmospheric Thermodynamics, Oxford Univ. Press, New York, 1998.; Budyko, M. I.: Climate and life. Translated from the original Russian edition, Academic Press, New York., 1974.; Dai, A. and Trenberth, K. E.: Estimates of Freshwater Discharge from Continents: Latitudinal and Seasonal Variations, J. Hydrometeor., 3, 660–687, 2002.; Dee, D. P., Uppala, S. M., Simmons, A. J., Berrisford, P., Poli, P., Kobayashi, S., Andrae, U., Balmaseda, M. A., Balsamo, G., Bauer, P., Bechtold, P., Beljaars, A. C. M., van de Berg, L., Bidlot, J., Bormann, N., Delsol, C., Dragani, R., Fuentes, M., Geer, A. J., Haimberger, L., Healy, S. B., Hersbach, H., Hólm, E. V., Isaksen, L., Kållberg, P., Köhler, M., Matricardi, M., McNally, A. P., Monge-Sanz, B. M., Morcrette, J.-J., Park, B.-K., Peubey, C., de Rosnay, P., Tavolato, C., Thépaut, J.-N., and Vitart, F.: The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 137, 553–597, doi:10.1002/qj.828, 2011.; Kleidon, A., Malhi, Y., and Cox, P. M.: Maximum entropy production in environmental and ecological systems, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B, 365, 1297–1302, 2010.; Donohue, R. J., Roderick, M. L., and McVicar, T. R.: On the importance of including vegetation dynamics in Budyko's hydrological model, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 983–995, doi:10.5194/hess-11-983-2007, 2007.; Gupta, S. K., Ritchey, N. A., Wilber, A. C., Whitlock, C. H., Gibson, G. G., and Stackhouse Jr, P. W.: A climatology of surface radiation budget derived from satellite data, J. Climate, 12, 2691–2710, 1999.; Hirschi, M., Viterbo, P., and Seneviratne, S. I.: Basin-scale water-balance estimates of terrestrial water storage variations from ECMWF operational forecast analysis, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L21401, doi:10.1029/2006GL027659, 2006.; Kleidon, A.: Beyond Gaia}: Thermodynamics of life and {Earth system functioning, Clim. Change, 66, 271–319, 2004.; Kleidon, A.: How does the Earth system generate and maintain thermodynamic disequilibrium and what does it imply for the future of the planet?, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, 370, 1012–1040, 2012.; Kleidon, A. and Heimann, M.: Assessing the role of deep rooted vegetation in the climate system with model simulations: mechanism, comparison to observations and implications for Amazonian deforestation, Clim. Dynam., 16, 183–199, 2000.; Kleidon, A. and Renner, M.: Thermodynamic limits of hydrologic cycling within the Earth system: concepts, estimates and implications, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 2873–2892, doi:10.5194/hess-17-2873-2013, 2013a.; Kleidon, A. and R

 

Click To View

Additional Books


  • Evaluation of an Extreme-condition-inver... (by )
  • A Dual-pass Data Assimilation Scheme for... (by )
  • The Blue Water Footprint of Electricity ... (by )
  • Sediment Transport Modelling in a Distri... (by )
  • Understanding Uncertainties when Inferri... (by )
  • Catchment Modeling and Model Transferabi... (by )
  • The Importance of Parameter Resampling f... (by )
  • The Effects of Country-level Population ... (by )
  • Water Management Simulation Games and th... (by )
  • Ice Volume Distribution and Implications... (by )
  • Polarimetric Radar Observations During a... (by )
  • Distribution and Partitioning of Heavy M... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.