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Hydrogeology and Hydrogeochemistry of an Alkaline Volcanic Area: the NE Mt. Meru Slope (East African Rift – Northern Tanzania) : Volume 8, Issue 5 (01/09/2011)

By Ghiglieri, G.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004013025
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 35
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Hydrogeology and Hydrogeochemistry of an Alkaline Volcanic Area: the NE Mt. Meru Slope (East African Rift – Northern Tanzania) : Volume 8, Issue 5 (01/09/2011)  
Author: Ghiglieri, G.
Volume: Vol. 8, Issue 5
Language: English
Subject: Science, Hydrology, Earth
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Pittalis, D., Oggiano, G., Cerri, G., & Ghiglieri, G. (2011). Hydrogeology and Hydrogeochemistry of an Alkaline Volcanic Area: the NE Mt. Meru Slope (East African Rift – Northern Tanzania) : Volume 8, Issue 5 (01/09/2011). Retrieved from

Description: Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cagliari, Italy, Desertification Research Group-NRD, University of Sassari, Italy. The objective of this study is to analyze the geochemical conditions associated with the presence of fluoride (F) in the groundwater of an area of Northern Tanzania. The studied aquifers are composed of volcanic rocks such as phonolitic and nephelinitic lavas, basalts, lahars of various ages and mantling ash. Sedimentary rocks consisting of fine-grained alluvial and lacustrine deposits occur as well. Samples collected from springs, borehole and surface water, during two monitoring surveys, were analyzed for the various physico-chemical and isotopic parameters. The geochemical composition of water is typically sodium bicarbonate. High values of F (up to 68 mg l−1) were recorded. The highest values of fluoride agreed with the highest values of pH, sodium and bicarbonate. Dissolution of major ions, exchange processes and precipitation of Ca2+ from super-saturated solutions joined with the local permeability and hydraulic gradients, control the fluoride mobilization and the contamination of the area.

Hydrogeology and hydrogeochemistry of an alkaline volcanic area: the NE Mt. Meru slope (East African Rift – Northern Tanzania)

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