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Weather Model Performance on Extreme Rainfall Events Simulation's Over Western Iberian Peninsula : Volume 9, Issue 8 (03/08/2012)

By Pereira, S. C.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004013442
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 29
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Weather Model Performance on Extreme Rainfall Events Simulation's Over Western Iberian Peninsula : Volume 9, Issue 8 (03/08/2012)  
Author: Pereira, S. C.
Volume: Vol. 9, Issue 8
Language: English
Subject: Science, Hydrology, Earth
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Carvalho, A. C., Ferreira, J., Rocha, A., Kaiser, J. J., Nunes, J. P., & Pereira, S. C. (2012). Weather Model Performance on Extreme Rainfall Events Simulation's Over Western Iberian Peninsula : Volume 9, Issue 8 (03/08/2012). Retrieved from

Description: CESAM and Dept. Physics, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal. This study evaluates the performance of the WRF-ARW numerical weather model in simulating the spatial and temporal patterns of an extreme rainfall period over a complex orographic region in north-central Portugal. The analysis was performed for the December month of 2009, during the Portugal Mainland rainy season. The heavy rainfall to extreme heavy rainfall periods were due to several low surface pressure's systems associated with frontal surfaces. The total amount of precipitation for December exceeded, in average, the climatological mean for the 1971–2000 time period in +89 mm, varying from 190 mm (south part of the country) to 1175 mm (north part of the country). Three model runs were conducted to assess possible improvements in model performance: (1) the WRF-ARW is forced with the initial fields from a global domain model (RunRef); (2) data assimilation for a specific location (RunObsN) is included; (3) nudging is used to adjust the analysis field (RunGridN). Model performance was evaluated against an observed hourly precipitation dataset of 15 rainfall stations using several statistical parameters. The WRF-ARW model reproduced well the temporal rainfall patterns but tended to overestimate precipitation amounts. The RunGridN simulation provided the best results but model performance of the other two runs was good too, so that the selected extreme rainfall episode was successfully reproduced.

Weather model performance on extreme rainfall events simulation's over Western Iberian Peninsula

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