World Library  

Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Combining Earthquakes and Gps Data to Estimate the Probability of Future Earthquakes with Magnitude MW ≥ 6.0 : Volume 1, Issue 5 (22/10/2013)

By Chen, K.-p.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004019029
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 24
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Combining Earthquakes and Gps Data to Estimate the Probability of Future Earthquakes with Magnitude MW ≥ 6.0 : Volume 1, Issue 5 (22/10/2013)  
Author: Chen, K.-p.
Volume: Vol. 1, Issue 5
Language: English
Subject: Science, Natural, Hazards
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


APA MLA Chicago

Tsai, Y., Chang, W., & Chen, K. (2013). Combining Earthquakes and Gps Data to Estimate the Probability of Future Earthquakes with Magnitude MW ≥ 6.0 : Volume 1, Issue 5 (22/10/2013). Retrieved from

Description: Hsin Sheng Junior College of Medical Care and Management, No. 418, Gaoping Sec., Jhongfong Rd., Longtan, Taoyuan County 32544, Taiwan. According to Wyss et al. (2000) result indicates that future main earthquakes can be expected along zones characterized by low b values. In this study we combine Benioff strain with global positioning system (GPS) data to estimate the probability of future Mw ≥ 6.0 earthquakes for a grid covering Taiwan. An approach similar to the maximum likelihood method was used to estimate Gutenberg–Richter parameters a and b. The two parameters were then used to estimate the probability of simulating future earthquakes of Mw ≥ 6.0 for each of the 391 grids (grid interval = 0.1°) covering Taiwan. The method shows a high probability of earthquakes in western Taiwan along a zone that extends from Taichung southward to Nantou, Chiayi, Tainan and Kaohsiung. In eastern Taiwan, there also exists a high probability zone from Ilan southward to Hualian and Taitung. These zones are characterized by high earthquake entropy, high maximum shear strain rates, and paths of low b values. A relation between entropy and maximum shear strain rate is also obtained. It indicates that the maximum shear strain rate is about 4.0 times the entropy. The results of this study should be of interest to city planners, especially those concerned with earthquake preparedness. And providing the earthquake insurers to draw up the basic premium.

Combining earthquakes and GPS data to estimate the probability of future earthquakes with magnitude Mw ≥ 6.0

Hirata, T.: A correlation between the b value and the fractal dimension of earthquakes, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 7507–9514, 1989.; Gutenberg, B. and Richter, F.: Frequency of earthquakes in California, B. Seismol. Soc. Am., 34, 185–188, 1944.; Aki, K.: Maximum likelihood estimate of b in the formula $\log (N)=a-bM$ and its confidence limits, Bull. Earthq. Res. Inst. Tokyo Univ., 43, 237–239, 1965.; Ben-Naim, A.: A farewell of entropy: statistical thermodynamics based on information, World Scientific, New Jersey, 2008.; Bury, K.: Statistical Distributions in Engineering, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, ISBN 0 521 63506 3, 1999.; Chen, K. P. and Tsai, Y. B.: A catalog of Taiwan earthquakes (1900–2006) with homogenized MW magnitudes, B. Seismol. Soc. Am., 98, 483–489, 2008.; Chen, K. P., Tsai, Y. B., Cheng, C. T., Liu, K. S., and Chang, W. Y.: Estimated seismic intensity distributions for earthquakes in Taiwan from 1900 to 2008, B. Seismol. Soc. Am., 100, 2905–2913, doi:10.1785/0120090397, 2010.; Hackl, M., Malservisi, R., and Wdowinski, S.: Strain rate patterns from dense GPS networks, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 9, 1177–1187, doi:10.5194/nhess-9-1177-2009, 2009.; Hsu, Y. J., Yu, S. B., Simons, M., Kuo, L. C., and Chen, H. Y.: Interseismic crustal deformation in the Taiwan plate boundary zone revealed by GPS observations, seismicity, and earthquake focal mechanisms, Tectonophysics, 479, 4–18, 2009.; Lockner, D. A. and Byerlee, J. D.: Precursory AE patterns leading to rock fracture, in: Proc. 5th Conf. on AE/Microseismic activity in Geologic Structures and Materials, 45–58, edited by: Hardy, H.R., Trans-Tech Publications Clausthal Zellerfeld and Pennsylvania State University, 1991.; Main, I. and Burton, P. W.: Information theory and the earthquake frequency-magnitude distribution, B. Seismol. Soc. Am., 74, 1409–1426, 1984.; Nicholson, T., Sambridge, M., and Gudmundsson, O.: On entropy and clustering in earthquake hypocenter distributions, Geophys. J. Int., 142, 37–51, 2000.; Schorlemmer, D., Wiemer, S., and Wyss, M.: Variation in earthquake size distribution across different stress regimes, Nature 437, 539–542, 2005.; Shannon, C. E.: A mathematical theory of communication, Bull. Syst. Tech. J., 27, 379–423, 623–656, 1948.; Shen, Z. K., Jackson, D. D., and Kagan, Y. Y.: Implication of geodetic strain rate for future earthquakes, with a five-year forecast of M5 earthquakes in Southern California, Seismol. Res. Lett., 78, 116–120, 2007.; Singh, C., Bhattacharya, P. M., and Chadha, R. K.: Seismicity in the Konya-Wama reservoir site in western India: fractal and b value mapping, B. Seismol. Soc. Am., 98, 476–482, 2008.; Singh, C., Singh, A., and Chadha, R. K.: Fractal and b value in eastern Himalaya and southern Tibet, B. Seismol. Soc. Am., 99, 3529–3533, 2009.; Telesca, L., Lapenna, V., and Lovallo, M.: Information entropy analysis of seismicity of Umbria-Marche region (Central Italy), Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 4, 691–695, doi:10.5194/nhess-4-691-2004, 2004.; Turcotte, R.: Fractals and Chaos in Geology and Geophysics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1997.; Utsu, T.: A method for determining the value of b in a formula $\log n=q-bM$ showing the magnitude–frequency relation for earthquake, Proc. Microzonation Conf., Seattle, Washington, 897–909, 1965.; Wald, D. J., Quitoriano, V., Heaton, T. H., Kanamori, H., Scrivner, C. W., and Worden, C. B.: Trinet ShakeMaps: rapid generation of peak ground motion and intensity maps for earthquakes in southern California, Earthq. Spectra, 15, 537–555, 1999.; Wiener, N.: Cybernetics, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachussets, 1948.; Wessel, P. and Smith, W. H. F.: New, improved


Click To View

Additional Books

  • The 1988 Glacial Lake Outburst Flood in ... (by )
  • Using Open Building Data in the Developm... (by )
  • Amalgamation in Landslide Maps: Effects ... (by )
  • Corrigendum to Regional-scale Analysis o... (by )
  • Quantifying Human Vulnerability in Rural... (by )
  • Epic Landslide Erosion from Mountain Roa... (by )
  • Future Storm Surge Impacts on Insurable ... (by )
  • Shoreline Recovery from Storms on the Ea... (by )
  • Brief Communication: Catalyst – a Multi-... (by )
  • Technical Note: Use of Remote Sensing fo... (by )
  • Estimating Soil Suction from Electrical ... (by )
  • Spectrum of the Seismic-electromagnetic ... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.