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Intermittency, Non-gaussian Statistics and Fractal Scaling of Mhd Fluctuations in the Solar Wind : Volume 4, Issue 2 (30/11/-0001)

By Marsch, E.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004019881
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 24
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Intermittency, Non-gaussian Statistics and Fractal Scaling of Mhd Fluctuations in the Solar Wind : Volume 4, Issue 2 (30/11/-0001)  
Author: Marsch, E.
Volume: Vol. 4, Issue 2
Language: English
Subject: Science, Nonlinear, Processes
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
-0001
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Tu, C., & Marsch, E. (-0001). Intermittency, Non-gaussian Statistics and Fractal Scaling of Mhd Fluctuations in the Solar Wind : Volume 4, Issue 2 (30/11/-0001). Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Description: Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, D-37191 Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany. This paper gives a review of some recent work on intermittency, non-Gaussian statistics, and fractal scaling of solar wind magnetohydrodynamic turbulence. Model calculations and theories are discussed and put in their context with the in-situ observations of the solar wind fluctuations, essentially of the flow velocity and magnetic field. Emphasis is placed more on a comparison of the data with the theory than on a complete derivation of the model results, which are treated in a more tutorial fashion. The introduction reminds of some important observations and key aspects of the solar wind turbulence. Then structure functions are defined and observational results discussed. The probability density functions provide a direct means to analyse the statistical properties of the fluctuations. Evidence for non-Gaussian statistics is provided. Intermittency and simple scaling models are discussed, which yield algebraic expressions for the scaling exponents of the structure functions. The concept of the extended self-similarity is presented and corresponding observational evidence for its existence in the solar wind is provided. Subsequently, and extended structure function model, including the p-model scaling and a scale-dependent cascade, is discussed and compared with selected measurements. The basics of the multifractals are presented and applied to solar wind data. The multifractal scaling of the kinetic energy flux as proxy for the unknown cascading rate is established observationally, and the so-called multifractal spectrum is obtained. Finally, the scaling exponents of the associated correlation functions are derived and analysed. The paper concludes with a discussion of the empirical results and prospects for the future research in this field and in solar wind MHD turbulence in general.

Summary
Intermittency, non-Gaussian statistics and fractal scaling of MHD fluctuations in the solar wind

 

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